National Farmers Day 2020 is celebrated across the country today (December 23) to honor the birth anniversary of India’s fifth Prime Minister, Chaudhary Charan Singh, every year. The day is observed as the Kisan Diwas to commemorate Chaudhary Charan Singh for his vital role in uplifting the Agricultural Sector during his tenure. He followed the slogan of second PM Lal Bahadur Shashtri, ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ and thus was known as Kisan Leader.
He had introduced several welfare schemes for the farmers. The government, in 2001, decided to mark Charan Singh’s birth anniversary as Kisan Diwas.
As our farmers are one of the unsung heroes who have always been at the forefront and continued to produce everything from food to other raw materials. But for nearly a month, some of them representing farmers from across India are not on their fields but on the streets protesting against three farm bills which India’s BJP-led government recently passed three farm laws.
The government claims will help reform the agriculture sector. The three farm laws, according to the government, will help in bringing private investment to the farm sector, help the farmers sell their products to anyone they wish to and loosen the hold of APMC ‘mandis’.
The farmers are protesting against the Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020, Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020, and Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020. The farmers claim that these laws end the minimum support price system in the future and will give corporates total control over the agriculture sector.
The central government on the other hand is of the opinion that the farmers are being misled by opposition parties. Farmers want all the laws to be repealed while the government is trying to find a solution through negotiations.
Compared to other states in India, which have been gradually moving away from their traditional agriculture-based economy toward industry or service-oriented economy, Assam is still dependant on the agriculture sector. Tea is the most important cash crop in Assam and the state is well known worldwide for its tea. The total land area under tea cultivation (gardens) was estimated at over 229,000 hectares in 1989, employing an average of over half-a-million people per day.
To celebrate this day here are few quotes and wishes for you that you can send your family, friends, and colleagues or use as your Whatsapp, Instagram, and Facebook status to mark the respect for them.
Life on a farm is a school of patience; you can’t hurry the crops or make an ox in two days. -Henri Alain
To a farmer dirt is not a waste, it is wealth. -Amit Kalantri
Their hands are tied not by ropes but by the greed of the intermediaries that the system has generated, who eat up the farmer’s income while it is on its way into his hands. – Faraaz Kazi
If the farmer is rich, then so is the nation. -Amit Kalantri
Agriculture not only gives riches to a nation, but the only riches she can call her own. -Samuel Johnson
The discovery of agriculture was the first big step toward a civilized life. -Arthur Keith
A farmer is a magician who produces money from the mud. -Amit Kalantri
If agriculture goes wrong, nothing else will have a chance to go right in the country. -M. S. Swaminathan