Today is the 102nd anniversary of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. On April 13, 1919, several people were gunned down by British soldiers in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar. General Dyer ordered his troops to open fire on the Indians who gathered in the area to celebrate Baisakhi.
As per official figures, over 350 people were lost to the brutality of General Dyer, and thousands were left injured. But the Congress party claimed that the number was as high as 1,000.
Meanwhile, In 2019, more than 100 years after the massacre, British High Commissioner to India Dominic Asquith visited the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial and paid tribute to those killed.
Most importantly, Dyer was removed from duty. He also became infamous as “the Butcher of Amritsar”. The General breathed his last on July 23, 1927, due to a cerebral hemorrhage.
“The events of Jallianwala Bagh 100 years ago today reflect a shameful act in British-Indian history. We deeply regret what happened and the suffering caused. I am pleased today that the UK and India have and remain committed to developing further a thriving 21st-century partnership,” Asquith noted in the visitors’ book at the memorial.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who is also the chairman of the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Trust, was supposed to inaugurate the ‘facelifted’ historic monument. The inauguration was to be held on April 13 but the same was deferred due to the COVID-19 restriction till April 30.
Jallianwala Bagh became a key point in the history of India’s struggle movement for independence and it is now a relevant monument in India. The monument still contains the holes that the bullets had made during the open fire, and they are marked at the monument in order to highlight the severity of the situation.
On the 102nd anniversary of the massacre, we at Inside Chronicle pay homage to all those who lost their lives in the deadly incident.