The New Education Policy, NEP has been approved by the Union Cabinet today.The Ministry of Human Resource Management, MHRD has been renamed as Education Ministry. The NEP was drafted in 1986 and updated in 1992 and it was part of the election manifesto of the ruling Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) ahead of the 2014 elections.



New National Education Policy 2020: What to expect

The new academic session will begin in September-October as the delay is due to the unprecedented coronavirus disease (Covid-19) outbreak – and the government aims to introduce the policy before the new session kicks in.

The common Entrance exam for all higher education institutes to be held by NTA. The exam will be optional and not mandatory.

Life skills to be taught every year. Report card to have reviewed from teachers, peers, and students as well. Review assessment of performance. AI-based assessment of each year to be given to the student.

Mathematical thinking, scientific temper to be part of course. Co-curriculum subjects like sports, vocational, arts, commerce, science, everything will be at the same level. Students can opt for courses as per choice. Students to be allowed to take up coding from class 6.


The 10+2 system will be divided into 5+3+3+4 format. The NEPchanges the school education system to 5+3+3+4 format. This means the first five years of the school will comprise of the foundation stage including three years of pre-primary school and classes 1 and class 2. The next three years will be divided into a preparatory stage from classes 3 to 5. Later three years of middle stage (classes 6 to 8), and four years of secondary stage (classes 9 to 12). Schools will not have any rigid formation of streams of arts, commerce, science, students can take up whichever courses they want.

The e-content to be available in regional languages. Starting with 8 major languages – Kannada, Odia, Bengali among others to join the e-courses available in Hindi and English.

Multiple entry, exit points. MPhil to be discontinued. To pursue research, MPhil will not be allowed, All courses at ug, pg, PhD level to be interdisciplinary.

The NEP draft had suggested to set-up a National Research Foundation (NRF) – an autonomous body, for funding, mentoring and building ‘quality of research’ in India with a budget of Rs 20,000 core (roughly 0.1 per cent of GDP). As per the draft – NRF will run a special programme till 2040 to support State Universities to enhance their research capacities, as per suggestions.

Undergrad autonomy, academic, administrative, and financial autonomy will be given to colleges, on the basis of the status of their accreditation. India has over 45,000 affiliated colleges


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